The DfT has launched the consultation into plans to transform the Highways Agency into a new Government-owned company which it says will deliver "a more effective road network" and give motorists a "greater say in how roads operate".
The DfT says the new company will have more freedom in day-to-day operational decisions, but will remain fully accountable to Parliament and motorists.
The consultation is seeking the public’s views on the proposed structure and accountability of the new company.
The Government says that the move will improve efficiency and reduce running costs and produce savings of "at least £2.6 billion" over the next 10 years.
A new watchdog will also be set up to better reflect the views of motorists and "encourage greater transparency" of the Highways Agency.
Robert Goodwill, roads minister, said: "Efficiency savings are there to be made, but to secure these means changing how our motorways and trunk roads are managed and maintained.
"Transforming the Highways Agency into a Government-owned company means long-term savings for the taxpayer, and making sure our roads are fit for the 21st century.
"I also want motorists to have a greater say in how their roads are run and that is why I have proposed an independent watchdog – free from Government – to make sure the Highways Agency is delivering the wants, needs and expectations of motorists."
The consultation closes on 20 December 2013 with outcomes reported by spring 2014.