Provisional figures for 2016 show that 191 people were killed in reported road accidents in Scotland last year, a year-on-year rise of 14%.
The Transport Scotland statistics, published today (14 June), also show that the number of people seriously injured increased by 6% to 1,693.
However, the total number of casualties fell by 1% to 10,881 – the lowest number since records began.
The road safety charity Brake has described the increase in deaths as ‘deeply troubling’.
Transport Scotland points out that, compared to the 2004-2008 baseline, 191 fatalities represents a 35% reduction (the 2020 target is a reduction of 40%); while 1,693 serious injuries represents a reduction of 35% on the same baseline (55% target).
In terms of age, the provisional figures show that in 2016 there were 1,011 child casualties in reported road accidents, a year-on-year rise of 4%. This figure includes 12 fatalities – eight more than 2015 – and 167 serious injuries, up from 139 in 2015.
Looking at road user type, there were 1,663 pedestrian casualties, a 2% year-on-year fall, including 32 fatalities – 12 fewer than 2015.
There were 711 motorcycle casualties, 3% fewer than 2015. However, this figure includes 30 fatalities – three more than 2015.
The total number of cyclist casualties fell by 1% to 789, while the number of fatalities rose by three to eight.
Number of casualties killed (Scotland), 1950 to 2016
Humza Yousaf, transport minister, said: “It’s disappointing that there has been an increase in the number of fatalities and the number of people seriously injured on our roads in 2016.
“The Scottish Government and our road safety partners will redouble our efforts in order to reach our ambitious and challenging casualty reduction targets. At the same time we all need to take responsibility for protecting ourselves and other road users when using the road network.”
Jason Wakeford, spokesman for Brake, the road safety charity, said: "Today’s figures are deeply troubling. It’s shocking to see more fatalities on Scotland’s roads last year, and more children, cyclists and motorcyclists needlessly losing their lives.
"Today’s statistics show that, while progress is being made toward some of the 2020 Scottish Road Safety Framework targets, there is far more work to be done.
"We must strive for a vision of zero deaths and serious injuries on our roads. We urge the Scottish Government to implement a default 20mph limit in built up areas, accompanied by additional speed enforcement on roads by the police."