New European Commission (EC) regulations that will come into force in 2014 will require new cars to have autonomous emergency braking (AEB), if they are to achieve a five-star safety rating (WIRED).
AEB systems use radar, lidar or video recognition systems to measure the distance between a vehicle and another vehicle or a pedestrian ahead. Taking into account the speed a vehicle is travelling, AEB calculates the estimated trajectory and warns the driver of an impending impact; if no action is taken, the system will employ emergency measures.
The WIRED report says that an EC study found that AEB could reduce collisions in Europe by 27%, which translates to 8,000 deaths prevented and between £3.9 billion and £6.3 billion saved each year.
Some cars already feature the technology, but Euro NCAP says they only amount to 21% of vehicles on sale today in Europe.
Michiel van Ratingen, secretary general of Euro NCAP, said: “We don’t want to force [car makers] into this immediately, but we’ve made it very clear that the best way to ensure a five-star rating from 2014 is to have AEB on the vehicle.”
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